Many people suffer from back pain, which gets worse if one doesn’t seek medical treatment. It can affect anyone due to an activity, injury, or an underlying medical condition. But as people grow older, the risks of suffering back pain increases due to degenerative disk disease or other factors such as the previous occupation. Upper back pain can link to spine inflammation, tumors in the chest, or aorta disorders. Lower back pain can connect to the spinal cord and nerves, lower back muscles, discs between the vertebrae, the bony lumbar spine, ligaments around the spine and discs, the lumbar’s skin area, abdominal and pelvic internal organs.

Biologically, the human back has a complex structure of ligaments, muscles, bones, discs (cartilage-like pads that cushion the segments of the spine), and tendons that work collectively to support the body and facilitate movement. Suppose there is a problem with any of these components, back pain results. Sometimes the cause of the back pain may be unclear. If you experience any back pain, it is best that you immediately seek back pain treatment in London to identify the cause and prevent the condition from worsening. Let us look at some common causes of back pain.


Back pain can result from straining of the back muscles, tension, or injury. For instance, a strained muscle or ligament, muscle spasm, tension, damaged disks, fractures, injuries, or a fall. Some activities that can cause your back muscles to strain include lifting something heavy, lifting something improperly, or an awkward movement.

Structural problems

Some structural problems can cause back pain. They may include:

  • Arthritis can cause problems in the lower back, hip joints, and other areas.
  • Abnormal curvature of the spine, for instance, scoliosis whereby the spine curves to the side. When the spine curves abnormally, back pain results.
  • Sciatica- a sharp pain that travels from the buttock to the leg’s back, usually caused by a bulging disk pressuring a nerve.
  • Ruptured disks result in pressure on the nerve hence back pain.
  • Bulging disks resulting in pressure in the nerve as well.
  • Osteoporosis whereby bones become too brittle, making fractures more likely to happen.
  • Kidney problems, for instance, kidney stones can cause back pain.

Posture or movement

Another common cause of back pain is posture or movement. Sitting in a hunched position when using a computer for a long time results in back pain or shoulder problems even though they may take a while to manifest. It can also result from everyday movement, activities, and posture. For example;

  • Bending awkwardly for long periods.
  • Twisting.
  • Overstretching.
  • Sitting or standing for long periods over time.
  • Straining the neck forward when using a computer or driving.
  • Muscle tension.
  • Long driving sessions even when not hunched.
  • Sleeping on a mattress that doesn’t support the spine’s natural curve.

Other causes of back pain

Other causes of back pain include:

  • Cancer of the spine.
  • Infection on the spine.
  • Shingles-an infection that affects the nerves leading to back pain.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • Bladder or kidney infections.
  • Cauda equina syndrome.
  • Sleep disorders.
  • Stress and mood disorders have also been associated with back pain.


You should seek back pain treatment if you experience any form of back pain. After listening to your symptoms, the doctor will diagnose them and then initiate a treatment plan.

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